Defining E- Democracy.
E-Democracy refers to the use of information and communication technology ICT to champion democracy or the existence of a democratic decision-making process. That would be achieved by the use of technology to extend engagement in society, aggregating opinion data, creation of instant decision making, and introduction of direct democracy. E-Democracy has been hailed for its potential to deepen democratic practices. Democracy ought to achieve two major goals, including allowing people to take part in decision making in matters that affect the quality of their life, and also ensure society operates in a manner that promotes independence of human beings by offering a platform for common participation.
Aristotle said that “the state is, by nature, clearly prior to the family and to the individual, since the whole is of necessity prior to the part.” Aristotle’s concept of politics was opposed to private or personal. For him, the political was nothing other than the government of the free and equal. According to Aristotle, under a democracy, only the worthiest will seek office since successful contenders are not after material gain, but they will delight in honor of being recognized as the most qualified for the job, and they are aware that they will always be under scrutiny by the many. For Aristotle, this is a brilliant combination of government by the finest (the most able) and the many.
The Internet and democracy.
The internet grants interested citizens better access to information, which allows them to influence public policy. Several attributes of the internet encourage viewing it as a democratic medium. The absence of centralized control makes censorship difficult. Similarly, some parallels in the social design in the early days of the internet discourages censorship. They include the strongly libertarian support for free speech, sharing culture that permeated nearly all aspects of Internet use, the outright prohibition on commercial use by the National Science Foundation and the unmediated mass communication on the internet (via newsgroups, chat rooms, and MUDs). This communication ignored the boundaries established with broadcast media, such as newspapers or radio, and with one-to-one media, such as letters or landline telephones. Finally, because the internet is a massive digital network with open standards, universal and inexpensive access to a wide variety of communication media and models could actually be attained.
Social media revolution.
The growing popularity and increased use of social media platforms such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, blogging, and wikis have led to a social media revolution. As a result, political candidates, elections, and government officials have turned to the internet to target potential followers. The social media revolution in American politics and the world at large has impacted how things are run. Social media have triggered changes in the campaign strategies of political parties, how candidates conduct their campaigns, and as a result, has reshaped election media coverage and influenced voter engagement ushering an era of Tweeting to power.
Rights of the citizens.
Citizens are entitled to elect and supervise their magistrates. In politics, citizens must have a voice simply because they are deeply affected by it. Democracies rest upon the principle that government is meant to serve the people and not the people to serve the government. Simply put, the people are citizens of the democratic state, not its subjects. While the state protects the rights of its citizens, in return, the citizens give the state their loyalty. Citizens in a democracy should enjoy the right to join organizations of their choosing that are independent of government and to participate freely in the public life of their society. Similarly, citizens must accept to demonstrate tolerance in dealing with those holding opposing views and compromising when necessary to reach an agreement.
Technology has made it easy for everyone to save time and money with capabilities such as policies being free. Citizens from any corner of the nation can now access information about the government any moment they wish thanks to digital technology. The current digital trend promotes data literacy to help empower citizens and communities at large and make sure to keep governments accountable. Availability of data online is empowering individuals and society as free agents. Thus, data has improved the chances of freedom for all. The internet is built under the idea of promoting freedom.
Blockchain as a voting technology.
As a technology, blockchain is rapidly becoming unequalled. Blockchain’s decentralized muscle is prospected to have the ability to solve voter fraud. Blockchain is paving the way for a direct democracy, where citizens can decide the course of policy themselves, rather than depending on representatives to do it for them. This technology will change the rules of political elections. This technology can be termed as a transparent system, and one much needed to bring power to each individual rather than having a few people at the top control the masses.
Aristotle thinks of an individual as deserving the right to be able to pursue his own purpose in life, under a government of free and equal citizens with liberty and authority in political participation. Blockchain offers increased chances of freedom as individuals of either sex, the rich and the poor are treated the same and have equal chances of influencing the politics by choosing the leader they want independently. Technology increases chances of transparency, and citizens get involved more in constitution activity.